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Your Best Blood Pressure Guide in 2022

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Remember the familiar swell of anger and the blood rushing to your head when you get mad at someone?

And how you also feel your blood pressure climbing exponentially at the same time?

There’s some truth in that – your blood pressure may rise because of the sudden adrenaline that makes your heart work harder to pump blood around your body faster.

young woman jogging along the road side near wire fence
Adrenaline Makes Your Heart Work Harder

Our blood pressure fluctuates according to the level of physical activity (and inactivity), as well as our emotional states.

If you’re in a zenlike and peaceful mood now, your blood pressure is likely to be lower than the day before, when you were feeling stressed and on edge before a work presentation.

young asian girl relaxing lying on bed happy
Lower Blood Pressure When You’re Calm

What Is a Simple Definition of Blood Pressure?

You’ve heard people around you talk about blood pressure, and you have a rough idea of what it means, but what is it exactly?

Our amazing heart works by pumping blood throughout our circulatory system, and blood pressure is mostly a result of this action.

Here’s a simple way to explain it: Blood pressure is a measure of the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your blood vessels, especially your arterial walls.

What Is Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure?

When we measure blood pressure, we use 2 types of measurements: systolic and diastolic.

Systolic pressure refers to the blood pressure in your arteries that happens when your heart contracts and pushes blood out.

Diastolic pressure is taken when your heart relaxes in between each beat.

Systolic pressure is when your blood pressure is at its highest, and vice versa for diastolic pressure.

What Is a Normal Blood Pressure and Pulse Reading By Age and Gender?

Blood pressure readings are denoted as a ratio of the systolic pressure over the diastolic pressure.

omron brand blood pressure monitor with cuff
What Are the Healthy Blood Pressure Readings?

A healthy blood pressure level should be lower than 120/80 mmHg (millimeters of mercury). For example, a healthy young woman should have a reading between 90/60 mmHg and 120/80 mmHg.

The American Heart Association (AMA) recommends these blood pressure ranges:

GenderAge (Years)Blood Pressure (SBP/DBP)
Male21 – 25120.5 / 78.5
26 – 30119.5 / 76.5
31 – 35114.5 / 75.5
36 – 40120.5 / 75.5
41 – 45115.5 / 78.5
46 – 50119.5 / 80.5
51 – 55125.5 / 80.5
56 – 60129.5 / 79.5
61 – 65143.5 / 76.5
Female21 – 25115.5 / 70.5
26 – 30113.5 / 71.5
31 – 35110.5 / 72.5
36 – 40112.5 / 74.5
41 – 45116.5 / 73.5
46 – 50124 / 78.5
51 – 55122.55 / 74.5
56 – 60132.5 / 78.5
61 – 65130.5 / 77.5

Here is a table of the healthy pulse readings by age:

AgeHeart Rate (BPM)
Newborn Infant70 – 190
1 – 11 Months80 – 169
1 – 2 Years80 – 130
3 – 4 Years80 – 120
5 – 6 Years75 – 115
7 – 9 Years70 – 110
10 – 18 Years60 – 90
18 Years and Above55 – 80

Blood Pressure Chart

Here is a blood pressure chart for a better understanding of the different blood pressure readings in adults aged 18 and above:

A Universal Blood Pressure Chart to Understand Blood Pressure Readings

How Can I Check My Blood Pressure at Home With a Blood Pressure Machine?

Buying your own blood pressure monitor allows you to check your blood pressure in the comforts of home.

young asian woman stretching in bed
Checking Your Blood Pressure At Home

The ideal time to measure your blood pressure is when you are in a resting state.

Here are some tips to help you get a more accurate measurement:

  • Position yourself comfortably (for example, in bed or in your favourite chair)
  • Prop your left arm on a table such that it is identical to the level of your heart
  • Stay still and avoid making big, jerky movements
  • Wrap the arm cuff smoothly and securely around the upper part of your uncovered arm

Check out this guide to know more about understanding your blood pressure monitor readings!

Which Is the Best Omron Blood Pressure Monitor in Singapore?

There are plenty of reputable brands that carry blood pressure monitors in Singapore.

With the abundance of choices, and the importance of accurate readings, which is the best brand and model you should get?

lady taking blood pressure with an omron blood pressure monitor and cuff outdoors
How Do You Choose the Best Blood Pressure Monitor in Singapore?

One world-renowned brand is Omron, a global leader in digital blood pressure monitors with more than 200 million sold to date.

Headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, it distributes its products to customers in over 74 countries.

Some of its most popular blood pressure monitor models are:

If you’re buying yours for the first time, it can be confusing to distinguish between the different models. Luckily for you, we’ve compiled a useful guide that any first-time buyer can easily use to choose an Omron blood pressure monitor.

You can also refer to this overview that compares the different monitors:

overview chart on the different omron blood pressure monitors
An Overview of the Different Omron Blood Pressure Monitor Models

Buying a blood pressure monitor for use at home gives you plenty of advantages! Find out some of the benefits of blood pressure monitoring at home here.

Where Can I Buy My Omron Blood Pressure Monitor in Singapore?

There are a number of places where you can buy your Omron blood pressure monitor in Singapore.

For example, you can get them at your nearest Guardian, Unity, or Watsons store. You can also find them at hospital pharmacies, clinics, polyclinics, and the Omron Service Centre.

However, you will not be able to find them at supermarkets like Cold Storage, NTUC FairPrice Finest, Giant, Sheng Siong, or Market Place by Jasons.

For convenience, you can buy your Omron blood pressure monitor on the SeniorCare website, where we sell everything your elderly loved one needs. We also have a presence on Shopee, Qoo10, Amazon Singapore, and Lazada e-commerce platforms.

What Are the Prices of Omron Blood Pressure Monitors in Singapore?

While you can get your Omron blood pressure monitor from leading retailers, they are usually sold at a standard fixed price instead of a discount.

Buying yours from a reputable distributor like SeniorCare can help you get the reliable monitor you need for your health at a more affordable price.

Here is a table that shows how much you can save when you buy from SeniorCare:

Comparing the Different Prices of Omron Blood Pressure Monitors

What Are the Reviews of Omron Blood Pressure Monitors in Singapore?

Reading reviews is one way to know whether your Omron blood pressure monitor is good to use.

There are many reviews for Omron blood pressure monitors in Singapore.

At SeniorCare, we have amassed countless reviews over the past few years of selling these health monitors. Here are some examples for you to check out:

Examples of Omron Blood Pressure Monitor Reviews
Examples of Omron Blood Pressure Monitor Reviews

That’s not all – you can also find more Omron blood pressure monitor reviews in Singapore here!

Upper Arm Blood Pressure Monitors vs Wrist Monitors

The two main types of blood pressure monitors are upper-arm monitors and wrist monitors.

Here’s a comparison between them:

Blood Pressure MonitorUnique FeaturesIdeal For
Upper Arm MonitorMore accurate than wrist monitors
– Bigger screen and buttons make it easier to use
– More user-friendly functions to improve reliability and accuracy
– Home use
– The elderly with limited visual capabilities
Wrist Monitor– More portable, comfortable, and lightweight than upper arm monitors
Simple to use because of the lack of functions
– Travellers
– People who are always on the go
– People with upper arm circumferences that are bigger than 42cm
– Those who find upper arm monitors to be too painful because of the tight squeezing sensation
– Those with an inability to use their upper arms because of limited mobility

Understanding Omron Blood Pressure Monitor Symbols

If you’re a first-time user, the different symbols when the reading appears may seem confusing.

What does each symbol mean?

Here’s a quick look:

features of omron blood pressure monitor
The Different Symbols Shown on An OMRON Blood Pressure Monitor

What Do the Heart Symbols on the Omron Blood Pressure Monitor Mean?

The heartbeat symbol, or hypertension indicator, has a few uses:

  1. During measurement: It flashes at every heartbeat, and when the measurement is taken, it flashes with your blood pressure and pulse rate if the reading goes above 135/85.
  2. During memory storage: It flashes when the blood pressure reading kept in the memory is above 135/85.

What Is the Purpose of My Blood Pressure Monitor’s Memory Feature?

Why is the memory feature an important aspect to consider when buying a blood pressure monitor?

This feature allows you to compare your current readings to previous readings so that you can gain important insights. It can help you determine if your lifestyle or diet changes, as well as medication that you’re taking, are working.

Being able to compare also helps to identify patterns and warning signals to alert you of a possible problem. Many Omron blood pressure monitors can store at least 30 past readings.

High Blood Pressure: What Should I Do If My BP Is 140/90?

A blood pressure of 140/90 indicates high blood pressure.

High blood pressure is a disease where your blood flows through your arteries at a pressure that is higher than what is normal or healthy.

When this happens, it is important to first understand more about this disease and the underlying causes before moving on to tackling treatment.

What Causes High Blood Pressure?

There are 2 kinds of high blood pressure, primary and secondary hypertension.

In most cases of primary hypertension, the exact cause cannot be found. It tends to manifest over many years, but it is largely influenced by your lifestyle and diet.

pad thai with shirataki noodles on a plate
Diet and Lifestyle Influence Primary Hypertension

Secondary hypertension is the opposite – it refers to high blood pressure with a direct, identifiable cause.

It usually appears suddenly and results in higher blood pressure than in primary hypertension. There are a few causes of secondary hypertension:

  • Kidney disease
  • Adrenal gland (hormone-producing glands situated on top of both kidneys) tumours
  • Sleep apnea
  • Thyroid problems
  • Birth control medications
  • Illegal drugs (cocaine, amphetamines)

What Are the Risk Factors of High Blood Pressure?

There are a few risk factors of high blood pressure that can increase your chances of developing it.

Here are some:

  • Age
  • Race (especially common in people of African heritage)
  • Family history (hereditary)
  • Obesity (the more you weigh, the blood blood your body needs, and the more pressure it puts)
  • Smoking (tobacco in cigarettes raises blood pressure and chemicals harm the lining of arterial walls)
  • Pregnancy
  • Inactivity
  • Excessive sodium or fat in diet (body retains fluid and blood pressure increases)
  • Excessive alcohol consumption (heavy drinking damages your heart)
  • High levels of stress
  • Some chronic conditions like sleep apnea and kidney disease

How Do You Feel When You Have High Blood Pressure?

You can have high blood pressure without knowing it because there may be no symptoms.

For some, these are some of the signs that they may experience:

  • Serious headaches
  • Nosebleeds
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Confusion
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Blood in the urine
  • Chest pains
  • Vision issues

What Are the Side Effects or Complications of High Blood Pressure?

High blood pressure can be dangerous when left untreated.

Some known side effects or complications include:

  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Kidney failure
  • Vascular dementia
  • Heart failure
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Loss of vision

How Can I Bring My Blood Pressure Down Immediately?

Unless your blood pressure is a result of a sudden emotional or activity change, it’s unlikely that you can bring it down immediately.

However, you can take steps to reduce your blood pressure over time.

Here are some ways:

1. Get Fit More Frequently

If you’re a working adult, it can be difficult to find the time to exercise and work out, especially if you work OT all the time.

Sometimes, when you’re finally home for the day, all you want to do is crash in bed till the next morning.

However, there are plenty of misconceptions surrounding exercise – you don’t need to head down to your nearest gym and start working on heavy weights or using the treadmill.

man lifting weights in a home gym
It Can Be Easy to Get Fit

Choosing to walk that short distance home instead of taking a bus, climbing the stairs to your unit, cycling with the family on the weekends, or doing housework can all help.

2. Reduce Your Sugar, Salt, and Fat Intake

Your diet is often linked to your blood pressure.

bun, french fries, fried chicken, and salad meal
Reduce Your Sodium and Sugar Intake

Resist the urge to grab that sugary donut or fried curry puff and replace them with healthier options or cut snacking out from your diet.

Sugar, particularly fructose, has been found to increase your blood pressure even more than salt. Reducing your sugar and salt intake is especially impactful for obese people in reducing diastolic blood pressure.

3. Reduce Your Stress

We get it – work and life can be stressful.

There are demands to be met in every aspect, from the expectations you place on yourself to your young children and ageing parents.

However, it is critical to find ways to lower your stress levels to improve your health.

two malay women sitting and chatting happily outdoors
Do Activities That Reduce Stress Levels

Take note of the things that you can do to feel peaceful and calm. It can be squeezing in time to read your favourite book, a relaxing jog around the park, sweating it out in a sauna, having a massage, or having your food cravings satisfied.

Find out more natural ways to reduce your high blood pressure here!

Low Blood Pressure

While high blood pressure is a cause for concern, the same applies to the opposite.

In serious cases, low blood pressure can be life-threatening. Generally, blood pressure lower than 90/60 mmHg is considered low.

If you are a healthy young adult, low blood pressure isn’t usually a big problem. However, it can signal an underlying problem for certain groups of vulnerable people, like the elderly.

Low blood pressure may lead to insufficient blood flow to the heart, brain, and other key organs.

What Causes Low Blood Pressure?

There are a number of reasons that may cause low blood pressure.

They include:

  • Dehydration
  • Sepsis (a life-threatening condition) due to serious infection
  • Extreme weight loss
  • Pregnancy
  • Blood loss
  • Side effects from taking certain medications
  • Heart problems (heart failure, abnormal heart rhythms)
  • Liver disease
  • Endocrine (hormone-related) problems

What Are the Symptoms of Low Blood Pressure?

Even though we don’t talk about low blood pressure as much as its counterpart, leaving your condition untreated can also pose a danger.

For example, it can raise your risk of fainting, cause organ damage, or even heart attack, which can be fatal.

What Are the Available Treatments for Low Blood Pressure?

Your doctor has to examine the cause of your low blood pressure before determining the suitable treatment.

Some medications may need to be stopped or require adjustment if they contribute to the condition. Sometimes, switching up your lifestyle can also have a great impact.

Blood Pressure Medications

While you can take measures to reduce your high blood pressure, medication may sometimes be required to treat the condition.

It is important to treat it early to prevent progression to more serious complications. There are many types of medication available, including drugs called antihypertensive.

They are categorised into different groups with different functions and side effects.

Here are some:

  • Diuretics (help the kidneys get rid of excess salt and water)
  • Beta-blockers (block chemical action that triggers your heart, allowing it to pump slower and softer)
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (help narrowed vessels expand)
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) (work similarly to ACE inhibitors)
  • Calcium channel blockers (prevent calcium from entering muscle cells of the heart and vessels)
  • Alpha-blockers
  • Vasodilators (help relax the muscles of blood vessel walls, particularly in small arteries)

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